Carbon emissions and global warming

Greenhouse Gases

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Global warming is caused by the emission of greenhouse gases, gases that trap heat in the atmosphere . 72% of the totally emitted greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide (CO2), 18% Methane and 9% Nitrous oxide (NOx). Carbon dioxide emissions therefore are the most important cause of global warming.

2012 US greenhouse gas emissions

Pie chart that shows different types of gases. 82 percent is from carbon dioxide fossil fuel use, deforestation, decay of biomass, etc.  9 percent is from methane. 6 percent is from nitrous oxide and 3 percent is from fluorinated gases.

CO2 is inevitably created by burning fuels like e.g. oil, natural gas, diesel, organic-diesel, petrol, organic-petrol, ethanol. The emissions of CO2 have been dramatically increased within the last 50 years and are still increasing by almost 3% each year, see graph below:

 

https://i2.wp.com/blog.ucsusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/annual-global-co2-emissions-1751-2014.jpg

Fact: More than Half of All Industrial CO2 Pollution Has Been Emitted Since 1988

Global Warming

Global warming is the term used to describe a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and its oceans, a change that is believed to be permanently changing the Earth’s climate. There is great debate among many people, and sometimes in the news, on whether global warming is real (some call it a hoax). But climate scientists looking at the data and facts agree the planet is warming.

The scientific consensus on climatic changes related to global warming is that the average temperature of the Earth has risen between 0.4 and 0.8 °C over the past 100 years. The increased volumes of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases released by the burning of fossil fuels, land clearing, agriculture, and other human activities, are believed to be the primary sources of the global warming that has occurred over the past 50 years.

Scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate carrying out global warming research have recently predicted that average global temperatures could increase between 1.4 and 5.8 °C by the year 2100. Changes resulting from global warming may include rising sea levels due to the melting of the polar ice caps, as well as an increase in occurrence and severity of storms and other severe weather events.

 

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