COP 21, Conference of the Parties, is the 21st yearly session of discussion of climate change by all nations in the world. Heads of State and Government meet to find a mutual agreement to put an end to global warming. If human-made carbon dioxide (CO2) continues to increase, disastrous consequences will arrive, and they are already perceptible. The conference objective is to achieve a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, from all the nations of the world. Leadership of the negotiations is yet to be determined.
Origin of climate negotiations
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted during the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit in 1992. This Framework Convention is a universal convention of principle, acknowledging the existence of anthropogenic (human-induced) climate change and giving industrialised countries the major part of responsibility for combating it.
Why are we talking about 2 ° C?
The main objective for COP21 is to keep the global warming to 2°C compared to the preindustrial era. According to the research of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a temperature increase of over 2°C would lead to serious consequences, such as a greater frequency of extreme climate events.